Vulnerability and Climate Change Adaptation of Farmer Households in Bendung, Gedangrejo and Pucanganom, Gunungkidul Regency

Raditia Eka Kurniawan

Abstract


The agricultural sector, especially food crops are one sector that is faced with major challenges from the impact of climate change (Surmaini et al. 2010). Farmers and their families are considered vulnerable to climate change because they depend on uncertain natural conditions. Regional economy and most people in the Gunungkidul Regency rely on their livelihoods from the agricultural sector of food crops. This study aims to analyze vulnerability and identify strategies for adaptation of farmer households due to climate change in 3 villages in the Gunungkidul Regency. This study uses an explanatory sequential mixed method design (quantitative-qualitative). Livelihood vulnerability analysis uses quantitative analysis with the calculation of the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI), while adaptation analysis is carried out qualitatively using the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA). The results showed that Pucanganom (south zone) was the most vulnerable to climate change with a value of LVI 0.352, while for Bendung (north zone) 0.333 and Gedangrejo (middle zone) 0.346. The adaptation strategies of farmer households in each village consist of 1) agricultural intensification and extensification strategies, i.e. by applying climate adaptation technology, five agricultural farms systems, and integrated farming systems; 2) Diversification strategy by carrying out food stocks, processing agricultural products, trade and service sectors, liquidating assets, loans or debt, and remittances; and 3) Migration strategy by doing non-permanent migration, i.e. looking for side jobs outside the region, becoming seasonal laborers, and also permanent migration with "merantau".

Keywords


climate change; vulnerability; LVI; adaptation strategies; SLA

References


Shah, K. U., Dulal, H. B., Johnson, C., & Baptiste, A. (2013). Understanding livelihood vulnerability to climate change: Applying the livelihood vulnerability index in Trinidad and Tobago. Geoforum, 47, 125–137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2013.04.004

Ellis, F. (1999). Rural Livelihood Diversity in Developing Countries: Evidence and Policy Implications. Overseas Development Institute, London, (40), 10. https://doi.org/xx

Rejekningrum, P., Las, I., Amien, I., Surmaini, E., Pramudia, A., & Sarvina, Y. (2011). Adaptasi Perubahan Iklim Sektor Pertanian. (Hermanto, Ed.), Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, Kementerian Pertanian. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jae.v38n2.2020.%25p

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