Optimasi Regenerasi Padi Indica melalui Jalur Organogenesis

Rossa Yunita, Nurul Khumaida, Didy Sopandie, Ika Mariska

Abstract


Regenerasi tanaman merupakan tahapan penting yang perlu dikuasai sebelum diaplikasikan untuk perakitan varietas unggul secara kultur in vitro. Penelitian bertujuan mengoptimasi teknik regenerasi in vitro beberapa varietas padi indica melalui jalur organogenesis. Percobaan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap yang disusun secara faktorial. Materi yang dicobakan, yaitu Ciherang, Inpari 13, Inpara 3, Pokkali, dan IR29. Perlakuan yang diberikan untuk induksi kalus organogenik adalah 2,4-D (0, 1, 3, 5, 7 mg/l) + kasein hidrolisat 3 g/l, untuk regenerasi kalus membentuk tunas adventif adalah BA (0, 1, 5 mg/l) + zeatin (0, 0,1, 0,3 mg/l) + prolin 100 mg/l, untuk multiplikasi tunas adalah MS + thidiazuron/TDZ (0, 0,1, 0,3 mg/l) dan untuk perakar-an adalah IBA (0, 1, 2, 3 mg/l). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan media terbaik untuk induksi kalus untuk padi varietas Ciherang, Inpari 13, dan Pokkali adalah MS + 2,4-D 3 mg/l, sedangkan untuk varietas Inpari 3 dan IR 29 adalah MS + 2,4-D 5 mg/l. Media terbaik untuk regenerasi tunas untuk varietas Ciherang adalah BA 5 mg/l + zeatin 0,1 mg/l + prolin 100 mg/l, untuk Inpari 13 adalah MS + BA 3 mg/l + zeatin 0,3 mg/l + prolin 100 mg/l, untuk Inpara 3 adalah BA 5 mg/l + zeatin 0,3 mg/l + prolin 100 mg/l dan untuk Pokkali dan IR29 adalah MS + BA 3 mg/l + zeatin 0,1 mg/l. Media terbaik untuk multiplikasi tunas adalah MS + TDZ 0,3 mg/l dan untuk induksi perakaran adalah MS + IBA 2 mg/l. Setiap tahapan kegiatan pembentukan planlet membutuhkan formulasi media yang berbeda.


Keywords


Kalus organogenik; tunas adventif; Oryza sativa L; perakaran

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jbio.v13n1.2017.p35-42

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