Resistensi Wereng Batang Cokelat Padi, Nilaparvata lugens Stål terhadap Insektisida di Indonesia

Sutrisno Sutrisno

Abstract


The rice
brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) is a
major insect pest of rice and their infestations occur every
year in several locations in Indonesia. The use of
insecticides often fails to control the BPH so their
populations are still high that cause rice crops show
hopperburn and the farmer loses the yields. The
development of insecticide resistant in BPH population is
one of the factors to contribute to the failure of insecticides
control. We have detected the development of field
population BPH resistance to BPMC, carbofuran, MIPC, and
imidacloprid, but we do not know yet the development of
resistance to other insecticides to control BPH in Indonesia.
This paper will review several cases on BPH resistance to
insecticides in Indonesia and other countries that include
aspects of the development of resistance in the field and in
the laboratory, the mechanism of resistance, inheritance of
resistance, genomics of resistance, and resistance
management. A policy and further study is also suggested for
insecticide resistance management in Indonesia.


Keywords


Insecticides; resistance; rice brown planthopper; Nilaparvata lugens.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jbio.v10n3.2014.p115-124

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P-ISSN : 1907-1094
E-ISSN : 2549-1547


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