KOMUNIKASI PENDEK Perbanyakan Tanaman Artemisia annua secara In Vitro

Rossa Yunita, Endang G. Lestari

Abstract


Artemisinin, an anti-malarial medicine
isolated from the annual wormwood Artemisia annua,
has a marked activity against chloroquine-resistant and
chloroquine-sensitive strains of Plasmodium falciparum.
This compound is useful for treatment of cerebral malaria.
An in vitro propagation system for A. annua has been developed.
Shoots were induced by culturing seeds of A.
annua on a MS medium containing BAP (0, 0.1, 0.3, 0.5
mg/l). Shoots were also formed on each seedling cultured
on the same medium. Root formations were obtained from
shoots that were subcultured on a MS medium containing
IBA (0, 1.0, 1.5, 2 mg/l). The results showed that MS medium
supplemented with BAP 0.3 mg/l was the best medium for
induction and multiplication of the shoots, while the MS
medium supplemented with IBA (1 mg/l) was good for root
formations.


Keywords


Artemisia annua; micropropagation.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jbio.v4n1.2008.p41-44

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P-ISSN : 1907-1094
E-ISSN : 2549-1547


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