Empat Belas Tahun Perkembangan Peraturan Keamanan Hayati dan Keamanan Pangan Produk Rekayasa Genetik dan Implementasinya di Indonesia

Muhammad Herman


Fourteen Years of Development of Biosafety and Food
Safety Regulations of Genetically Engineered Products
and their Implementation in Indonesia. M. Herman. In
Indonesia, the need for biosafety and food safety regulation
of genetically engineered products (GEP) is well recognized.
The Food Law and the Decree on Provisions of Biosafety of
Genetically Engineered Agricultural Biotechnology Products
has been signed respectively by the President of Republic of
Indonesia in 1996 and by the Minister of Agriculture in 1997.
The biosafety and food safety regulation of GEP comprise of
guidelines, ministerial decree, joint ministerial degree,
government regulation, presidential regulation, presidensial
decree, and law. In the implementation of biosafety regulation
during the year of 1999-2001, there were five GE crops
and two enzymes products derived from GE microorganisms
for feed additive have been decraled as safe to the environment.
One of the five GE crop declared for environment
safety, the insect resistant (IR) cotton (Bt cotton) was commercialized
for limited released in seven districts of South
Sulawesi during 2001-2003. Whereas, from 2001-2010 there
are 13 GE crops have been studied in the greenhouse of
biosafety containment and confined field trials, among of
those there are two GE crops, herbicide tolerant (HT) GE
maize and drought tolerant (DT) GE sugarcane have been
assessed and recommended for environment safety. Five
application of animal vaccine derived from GE microorganisms
for studied in the biosafety containment and
confined field have been submitted to the regulator. In
addition to biosafety regulation, food safety regulation has
also been implemented after the Food Safety Assessment
Guideline for GEP has been signed by the Head of Food and
Drug Inspection Agency in July 2008. Food safety assessment
has been conducted on 10 GE crops such as HT maize, HT
soybean, IR maize, amylase modification maize and DT
sugarcane. There are some constraints encountered during
the implementation of biosafety and food safety regulation.
The constraints are the lack of commitment of related
institution involved in the regulation, lack of understading on
the regulation, and difficulties of implementing the regulation
on the import products such as maize and soybean for
food and feed process.


Genetically engineered products; biosafety; food safety; regulation; implementation

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jbio.v6n2.2010.p113-125


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