Pemanfaatan Tanaman Hasil Rekayasa Genetik: Status, Regulasi, dan Metode Deteksi di Indonesia

Bahagiawati Bahagiawati, Sutrisno Sutrisno

Abstract


Application of Genetically Modified Crops: Status, Regulation,
and Detection Method in Indonesia. Bahagiawati
and Sutrisno. Global area of transgenic crop was increase
tremendously. The number of country accepting of planting
and/or marketing the transgenic crops and its derivative
products also become more numberous. However, due to
existing controversy on the benefit and risk, the application
of transgenic crops was governed by regulations to protect
the consumer and environment from its unwanted effects.
There are some international conventions that managing
and controlling the uses of these crops, one of them was
Cartagena protocol that Indonesia ratified in 2004. Indonesia
also launched a regulation upon labelling package food
derived from transgenic crops in 1999. To implement either
the Cartagena protocol and labelling regulation, Indonesia
needs to increase its capacity to detect the present of the
transgenic crop product either in raw, and proceesed food.
This review will discuss about the development of the
application of transgenic crop and its product globally, and
list of transgenic crops that have been accepted and
approved as safe for human consumption and environment.
The regulations upon the application of transgenic crop in
Indonesia also be informed. Some metodologies to detect
the presence of the genetically modified food that are
generally use in some countries also be discussed in this
review.


Keywords


Transgenic crop; regulation; detection method; laboratory

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jbio.v3n1.2007.p40-48

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P-ISSN : 1907-1094
E-ISSN : 2549-1547


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