Growth Pattern, Biochemical and Physiological Characteristics to Determine Harvesting Time of Big White Ginger Rhizome Seeds

Devi Rusmin, M.R Suhartanto, S. Ilyas, Dyah Manohara, E. Widajati

Abstract


The low quality of rhizome seeds is one of the problems in big white ginger (BWG) cultivation triggered by the improper harvesting time. It can cause the loss of rhizome seeds weight and viability rapidly. The objective of the study was determined the proper harvesting time of BWG rhizome seeds by studying its growth pattern, biochemical and physiological changes during the development of rhizome seeds. Parameters observed were: (1) the growth pattern (plant height, pseudostem length, number of tillers, number of leaves), (2) the rhizome development: fresh weight of rhizomes, the number of secondary rhizome, water content and dry matter accumulation, and (3) Biochemical changes during senescence phase of the rhizome (starch, the content of IAA, GA, ABA and cytokinins, (4) Physiological changes and the viability of rhizome seeds (growth ability, growth rate, seedling height, and seedling dry weight). The BWG rhizome seeds at 7 months after planting (MAP) can be used as planting material (1) based on the growth pattern, it has been already in senescens phase, (2) The development of rhizome seeds morphology has been optimum, (3) Based on the biochemical aspect: the rhizome seeds had starch content similar to 8 and 9 MAP, and (4) Based on the physiological aspect it produces better germination rate (100%), growth rate (4.32% etmal-1), and seedling height (33.80 cm). It was better than 8 MAP (80%, 2.9% etmal-1and 33.7 cm) and 9 MAP (70%, 2.3 % etmal-1dan 29.4 cm), respectively.


Keywords


Zingiber officinale; endogenous hormone; growth pattern; rhizome seeds; viability

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bewley, J.D., Bradford, K. & Hilhorst, H. (1994) Seeds Physiology of Development, Germination and Dormancy.

BPS (2016a) Statistik Perdagangan Luar Negeri Indonesia Ekspor. Jilid I (2). 924 hlm.

BPS (2016b) Statistik Perdagangan Luar Negeri Indonesia Impor. Jilid I(1). 845 hlm.

Ekowahyuni, L.P. (2002) Fenologi, Fenomena Vivipari, Pengaruh Stadia Kemasakan Benih dan Waktu Konservasi Terhadap Viabilitas serta Vigor Labu Siam (Sechium edule, Jacq Swartz). Program Pasca Sarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Falcon, M.R., Bou, J. & Prat, S. (2006) Seasonal Control of Tuberization in Potato: Conserved Elements with the Flowering Response. Annual Review of Plant Biology. 57, 151-180. doi:10.1146/annurev.arplant.57.032905.105224.

Fernie, A.R. & Willmitzer, L. (2001) Molecular and Biochemical Triggers of Potato Tuber Development Modified Stem. Plant Physiol. 127, 1459-1465. doi:10.1104/pp. 010764.In.

Hamadina, E.I. (2011) The Control of Yam Tuber Dormancy: A Framework for Manipulation. Ibadan, Nigeria, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA). doi:10.1.1.232.3644.

Hasanuddin, Halimursyadah & Kurniawan, T. (2012) Perubahan Fisiologi dan Kandungan Klorofil selama Pemasakan serta Hubungannya dengan Viabilitas Benih Jarak Pagar (Jatropha curcas L.). J. Floratek. 7, 157-163.

Hongpakdee, P., Siritrakulsak, P., Ohtake, N., Sueyoshi, K., Ohyama, T. & Ruamrungsri, S. (2010) Changes in endogenous abscisic acid, trans-zeatin riboside, indole-3-acetic acid levels and the photosynthetic rate during the growth cycle of Curcuma alismatifolia gagnep. in different production seasons. European Journal of Horticultural Science. 75 (5), 204-213.

Kucera, Cohn, M.A. & Leubner-Metzger, G. (2005) Plant Hormone Interactions During Seed Dormance Release and Germination. Seed Science Research. 15, 281-307.

Li, L., Chen, F., Yao, D., Wang, J., Ding, N. & Liu, X. (2010) Balanced Fertilization for Ginger Production. Better Crops with Plant Food. pp. 25-27.

Melati (2016) Pengembangan Bahan Tanam Jahe Putih Besar (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) Melalui Biji, Rimpang Tunggal dan Rimpang Tunggal Kecil Bermutu Tinggi. Institut Pertanian Bogor. 123 hlm.

Nybe, E. V & Raj, N.M. (2005) Ginger Production in India and Other South Asian Countries.In: Ravindran, P.N. & Babu, K.N. (eds.) Ginger. The Genus Zingiber Edited. London, CRC Press, pp. 211-240. doi:10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004.

Policegoudra, R.S. & Aradhya, S.M. (2007) Biochemical changes and antioxidant activity of mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.) rhizomes during postharvest storage at different temperatures. Postharvest Biology and Technology. 46, 189-194. doi:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2007.04.012.

Ravisankar, D., Chinnamuthu, C.R. & Srimathi, P. (2012) Influence of Growth Promoting Substances on Dormancy Breaking and Sprouting of Purple Nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus L.) Tuber. Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 3 (6), 1213-1216.

Rusmin, D. (2016) Peningkatan Produksi dan Mutu Rimpang Benih Jahe Putih Besar Melalui Pendekatan Pola Pertumbuhan dan Keseimbangan Hormonal dengan Aplikasi Paclobutrazol. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Institut Pertanian Bogor. 102 hlm.

Rusmin, D., Suhartanto, M.R. & Ilyas, S. (2015) Pengaruh Umur Panen Rimpang terhadap Perubahan Fisiologi dan Viabilitas Benih Jahe Putih Besar selama Penyimpanan. Jurnal Littri. 21 (1), 17-24.

Rustam, A.A.P.E. (2017) Perubahan Kondisi Fisik, Fisiologis dan Biokimia Benih Michelia champaca pada berbagai Tingkat Kemasakan. Pros Sem Nas Masy Biodiv Indon. 3 (3), 368-375. doi:10.13057/psnmbi/m030313.

Sukarman, Rusmin, D. & Melati (2007) Viabilitas Benih Jahe (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) pada Cara Budidaya dan Lama Penyimpanan yang berbeda. Bul. Littro. XVIII (1), 1-12.

Suttle, J.C. (2004) Physiological Regulation of Tuber Dormancy. Amer J of Potato Res. 81, 253-262.

Taiz L, Zeiger E. 2002. Plant Physiology. Publisher: Sinauer Associates; 3 edition. 690 p.

Tresniawati, C., Murniati, E. & Widajati, E. (2014) Perubahan Fisik, Fisiologi dan Biokimia Selama Pemasakan Benih dan Studi Rekalsitransi Benih Kemiri Sunan. J. Agron. Indonesia. 42 (1), 74-79.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/bullittro.v29n1.2018.9-20

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



View My Stats

Creative Commons License
Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/bultro

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat (BUL LITTRO) Editorial Office :

Indonesian Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Institute (ISMCRI)
Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 3 Bogor, Indonesia 16111
Telp. (0251) 8321879, Fax. (0251) 8327010
E mail : buletintro@gmail.com
Website : http://balittro.litbang.pertanian.go.id