Pengaruh Infestasi Pratylenchus brachyurus, Meloidogyne incognita dan Radhopulus Similis Pada Tanaman Nilam (Pogostemon cablin Benth.)

Rita Harni, Ika Mustika

Abstract


P.brachyurus, M. Incognita ana R. Similis are Major parasitic nematodes Afecting patchouli plantation in Indonesia. The occurrence of these three species of Nematodes patchouli plant have never been Done. Studies on the effect of P. Brachyurus, M. incognita and R. Similis alone or in Combination was conducted in a green house Of the Research Institute for spice and Medicinal crops from May to December 1998. One month old patchouli cuttings grown In the green house were incognita. 2) P. Brachyurus 3) R. Similis 4) M. Incognita, 2) P. Brachyurus, 3) R. Similis. 4) M. Incognita and P. brachyurus 5) M. Incognita and R. Similis, 6) P. Brachyurus and R. Similis, 7) M Incognita, P brachyurus and R. Similis 8) Uninoculated (control). The population of each Nematode was 500 specimens/plant. The Experiment was arranged in a completed Randomized Design with 3 replicates. Two Months after inoculation. The plants were Uprooted and fresh weight of roots and above Ground parts of plants(stems, branches and Leaves) were observed, as well as nematode Population in roots and soil. The results Showed that P. Brachyurus alone or in Combination with M. Incognita and R. Similis Was able to reduce fresh weight of roats and Above ground part of the plants significantly As compared to uninoculated plants. From the Highest to the lowest rate of reproduction Nematodes were P. Brachyurus (12.33). M. Incognita (7.65) and R. Similis (1.04).


Keywords


Nematodes; Pogostemon cablin Benth; interaction; migratory endoparasitic; sedentary endoparasitic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Biro Pusat Statistik 1995. Ekspor Indonesia. Biro Pusat Statistik. Jakarta.

Djiwanti, S.R. and Momota. 1991. Plant parasitic nematodes Associated with parchouli disease in West Java Indust. Crops Res. J. 3 (2): 31-34.

Djiwanti, S.R. 1993. Rot-knot Nematode disease of Pogestemon In: Diagnostic Manual for Industrial Crop Diseases in Indonesia. P. 58-58

Dropkin, V.K. 1992. Pengantar Nematologi Tumbuhan. 2nd ed. Gajah Mada University Press.

Yogyakarta. 366p.

Eisenback, J.D. 1993. Interactions Between nematodes in cohabitance. In:Khan, M.W. 1993. Nematode Interaction. Chapman & Hall, 2-6 Boundary Row. London

Freckman D.W. an Chapman, R.A. (1972).Infection ofred clover Seedlings by Herodera trfolii Goffart. And Pratylenchus Pentrans (Cobb). J. Of Nematology, 4,23-28.

Gay, C.M. and Bird, G.W. 1973. Influence of concomitant Pratylenchus spp. And Meloidogyne spp. On root Penetration and population Dynamics J. Of Nematology, 5:212-217.

Hami, R. Dan I. Mustika. 1996. Pengaruh Meloidogyne incognita Dan Radophous similis terhadap Pertumbuhan tanaman kencur (Kaempferia galanga L.) Makalah Disampaikan pada Kongres Nasional II dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpunan Nematologi Indonesia 23-24 Juli 1996 di Pusat Penelitian Kopi dan Kakao Jember. Jawa timur. 10 p

Mustika, I. 1984. Pengaruh serangan Radopholus similis cobb., Meloidogyne incognita Chitwood Dan Dusarium sp. Terhadap Pertumbuhan tanaman lada (PiperNingrum Linn.)dan hubungannya Dengan penyakit kuning. Tesis Pasca Sarjana Uuniversitas Gajah Mada Yogyakarta. 90 p.

Mustika, I., Y. Nuryani dan O. Rostiana. 1991. Nematoda parasit Pada beberapa kultivar nilam di Jawa Barat. Bull. Littro. V. I (1): 11-18.

Mustika, I. And O Rostiana 1992. The Growth of for parchouli cultivars

Infected with Pratylenchus Brachyurus. J. Spice and Medicinal Medicinal Crops. V. I. (1) 5-9

Ogbuyi, R.O. 1978. Effects of Meloidoggyne incognitaand Pratylenchus brachyurus singly And combined on growth of Nigerian tobacco (NTC5). J. Nematropica. 8(2): 62-66.

Santor, W. 1981. The interactionships Of Radopholus similis Cobb. And Meloidogyne incognita Chidwood On banana. M.S. Thesis.Univ. of The Philippines at Los Banos. 59p

Wallace. H.R. 1973. Nematode Ecology and Plant Disease Edward Arnold Ltd, London 222p

Waller. J.m. and Bridge. 1984 Effect Of pathogens interaction on tropical Crop production. In Wood, R.K.S. & G.J. Jellis. Plant. Dis. Infection, Damage and loss. Blackwell Sci.Publ, Oxford. P 311-320.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/bullittro.v11n2.2000.47-55

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



View My Stats

Creative Commons License
Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/bultro

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat (BUL LITTRO) Editorial Office :

Indonesian Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Institute (ISMCRI)
Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 3 Bogor, Indonesia 16111
Telp. (0251) 8321879, Fax. (0251) 8327010
E mail : buletintro@gmail.com
Website : http://balittro.litbang.pertanian.go.id