Respon Biologik Hama Gegaja (Lophobaris serratipes MARSH.) Terhadap Beberapa Varietas Lada

NFN Suprapto

Abstract


Biological response of the “gegaja” (Lophobaris serratipes Marsh.) on pepper varieties.

Study on biological response of the “gegaja” (Lophobaris serratipes Marsh.) (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) was carried out during 1989 at Natar Sub Station Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops. The study was on the preference of the “gegaja” and the suitability of pepper varieties of Natar 1, Petaling 1, panniyur, Petaling 2, Kalluvally and Natar 2 as host plants to the pest.

The result showed that “gegaja” fed and laid its eggs on all pepper varieties tested. Eggs hatching was 100%, larval mortality was 15.17% and pupal mortality 16.17%.

Pepper varieties did not significantly affect food consumption by larvae and weight of larvae. However based on the number of eggs laid, survival of larvae, pupae and adults, the preference of this pest was in the following order: Kalluvally, Panniyur, natar 1, Petaling 1, petaling 2 and Natar 2.


Keywords


Hama; Rempah; Lophobaris serratipes MARSH.;Varietas Lada

Full Text:

PDF

References


ANONYMOUS. 1980. “Bercock Tanam Lada” Yayasan Kanisius, Yogyakarta. 27-31.

KALSHOVEN, L.G.E. 1951. De plagen van cultuur gewasen in Indonesia. NV. Uitgeverij. W van Hoeve. S. Gravenhage. 1065 pp.

KUEH, T.K. 1979. “Pest, Deseases and Disorders of black pepper in Serawak”. Dept of Agric,Serawak. 68 pp.

MARSHALL, G.A.K. 1927. New injurious Curcuiionidae (Col.) Bull. Entomol Res. XVII : 199-218.

PRAWIROSUKARTO, S. 1981. Biologi Kekhususan Inang Lixus sp. (Col., Curculionidae) pada bayam (Amaranthus spp.). Tesis S1 Fakultas Pertanian UGM. Yogyakarta. 54 pp.

SUPRAPTO, D.M. RUMBANA dan MARTONO 1988. Kisaran inang Laphobaris serratipes Marsh. Seminar Sub Balittro Natar. 9 pp. (Tidak dipublikasikan )

VECHT, VAN DER. 1931. De stand can het onderzoek der Peper insecten can Nederlandsch indie.Landbouw, Archipel Drukerij-Buitenzorg. 820-828.

----------, 1940. De kleine peper snuitkever (Lophobaris piperis Marsh.). Landbouw. 16. (6) : 323-366.

WAHID, P. 1987. Masalah dan prospek pembudidayaan pertanaman lada di Indonesia khususnya Provinsi Lampung. Seminar Fakultas Pertanian UNILA. 30 pp.(Tidak dipublikasikan)

ZWOLFER,H. And P.HARRIS. 1971. Host specifity determination of insect for biological control of weed. Ann. Rev. Of Ent. 16 : 159-174.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/bullittro.v4n2.1989.99-103

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



View My Stats

Creative Commons License
Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/bultro

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat (BUL LITTRO) Editorial Office :

Indonesian Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Institute (ISMCRI)
Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 3 Bogor, Indonesia 16111
Telp. (0251) 8321879, Fax. (0251) 8327010
E mail : buletintro@gmail.com
Website : http://balittro.litbang.pertanian.go.id