Priority Setting Analysis in Implementing The Regulation of Cocoa Bean Fermentation Requirement

Bedy Sudjarmoko, Dewi Listyati, Abdul Muis Hasibuan

Abstract


Cocoa is a strategic commodity with an important role in Indonesian economy. Despite being the world's third largest cocoa producer and exporter after Ivory Coast and Ghana, Indonesia still faces a number of problems in production, processing, and marketing. The government issued Permentan Nomor 67/Permentan/OT.140 /5/2014 which aims to improve the competitiveness and added value of Indonesian cocoa, support national cocoa postharvest industries, protect the consumers of unqualified cocoa beans, increase cocoa farmers’ income, and facilitate the tracing for production and circulation deviation. The study aimed to develop a strategic priority recommendation in achieving the goals of Permentan Nomor 67/ Permentan/OT.140/5/2014. The study was conducted in West Sumatra, West Java, East Java, Yogyakarta, and DKI Jakarta from January to December 2016. The study was conducted by survey method and the data was analyzed analytic hierarchy process (AHP). The results indicated that priorities should be put forward on: 1) implementing national regulation on cocoa beans fermentation consistenly and continuously; 2) product diversification with affordable and achievable cost and technology; 3) a massive, continuous, and intensive campaign on social awareness of the importance of sustainable energy; 4) stimulating small to big scale cocoa processing industries; 5) intensification, rehabilitation, and rejuvenation of the cocoa farming to meet the domestic demand for cocoa.

Keywords


Analysis hierarchy process (AHP); bean; cocoa; fermented; marketing

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


Agussalim, Wijanarko, R. D. T., & Sutisna, E. (2009). Petunjuk teknis budidaya dan pasca panen kakao mendukung rencana usaha bersama program usaha agribisnis pedesaan. (Sumiati, Ed.). Kendari: Balai Besar Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Pertanian.

Arsyad, M., & Yusuf, S. (2008). Assessing the impact of oil prices and interest rate policies: The case of Indonesian cocoa. Rykoku Journal of Economic Studies, 48(1), 65–92.

Bourgeois, R. (2005). Analytical hierarchie process: An overview. Bogor: UNCAPSA-UNESCAP.

Dradjat, B., & Herman. (2009). Keragaan dan usulan alternatif strategi pengembangan bisnis ekspor kakao Indonesia. Pelita Perkebunan, 25(2), 141–160.

Maswadi. (2011). Agribisnis kakao dan produk olahannya berkaitan dengan kebijakan tarif pajak di Indonesia. J. Tek. Perkebunan & PSDL, 1(2), 23–30.

Mochtar, H. A., & Darma, R. (2011). Prospek industri pengolahan kakao di Makassar: Analisis potensi kelayakan usaha. Jurnal Agrisistem, 7(1), 46–63.

Pusat Penelitian Kopi dan Kakao Indonesia. (2004). Panduan lengkap budidaya kakao: Kiat mengatasi permasalahan praktis. Jakarta: PT. Agromedia Pustaka.

Saaty, T. L. (2008). European journal of pure and applied mathematics. European Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 1(1), 122–196.

Saaty, T. L., & Vargas, L. G. (2012). Models, methods, concepts & samp; applications of the analytic hierarchy process (Vol. 175). Boston, MA: Springer US. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3597-6

Sudjarmoko, B. (2013). Dampak pemberlakuan kebijakan bea keluar terhadap ekspor kakao Indonesia. Media Komunikasi Perkebunan Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar, 1(4), 19.

Sukotjo, E., Palilati, A., Djukrana, Saleh, S., & Hatani, L. (2014). The engineering of organization to increase added the value cocoa beans in South Konawe Regency. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 3(11), 683–694.

Widiana, A. (2007). Kebijakan perdagangan Uni Eropa terhadap ekspor Indonesia dan pola ekspor Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis, 9(2), 63–81.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jtidp.v4n3.2017.p153-162

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 

P-ISSN: 2356-1297
E-ISSN: 2528-7222
Accredited No.699/AU2/P2MI-LIPI/10/2015 on Oktober 30, 2015 by Indonesian Institute of Science

                    


Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar (JTIDP) Editorial Office :

Indonesian Industrial and Beverage Crops Research Institute
Jl. Raya Pakuwon Km. 2, Parungkuda, Sukabumi 43357 Jawa Barat Indonesia
Telp : (0266) 6542181
Fax : (0266) 6542087
Email : jtidp@litbang.pertanian.go.iduppublikasi@gmail.com
Website : http://balittri.litbang.pertanian.go.id



View My Stats