Technical Efficiency Analysis of Smallholder Cacao Plantations in Lampung Province

Dewi Mulia Sari, Anna Fariyanti, Netti Tinaprilla

Abstract


Low productivity is the main problem in smallholder cacao plantation. One effort to overcome the problem is through rehabilitation. The research aimed to (1) analyze the factors affecting cocoa bean production, (2) analyze technical efficiency level, and (3) analyze the factors affecting technical efficiency of smallholder cacao plantation in Lampung Province. The research was conducted in Tanggamus and Pringsewu Regency, Lampung, from September to November 2015. A purposive sampling was used which obtained 32 samples of farmers as respondents from rehabilitated plantation with side-grafting technique and non-rehabilitated plantation, respectively. Data were analyzed using stochastic frontier analysis. The results indicated 4 factors affecting smallholders cacao production in Lampung Province, namely land, chemical fertilizer, family-labour, and rent-labour. Smallholder cacao plantation in Lampung Province was technically efficient (0.82) which affected by farmers’ age, farmers’ dependents, farmers group membership, and side-grafting application. Rehabilitated smallholder cacao plantation also showed higher level (ET=0.92) than non-rehabilitated one (ET=0.73). The research implicates on increasing smallholder cacao productivity in Lampung Province, especially the local government, to put more priorities in those factors significantly affecting smallholder cacao production, as well as to give support and facilitate plant rehabilitation program using side-grafting  methods.

Keywords


Stochastic frontier analysis; cacao bean; technical efficiency; rehabilitation

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


Adedeji, I. A., Ajetomobi, J. O., & Olapade-Ogunwale, F. (2011). Technical efficiency of cocoa in Oyo State Nigeria. Continental Journal Agricultural Economics, 5(1), 30–40.

Amos, T. T. (2007). An analysis of productivity and technical efficiency of smallholder cocoa farmers in Nigeria. Journal of Social Sciences, 15(2), 127–133.

Aneani, F., & Ofori-Frimpong, K. (2013). An analysis of yield gap and some factors of cocoa (Theobroma cacao) yields in Ghana. Sustainable Agriculture Research, 2(4), 117. https:// doi.org/10.5539/sar.v2n4p117

Awotide, D. O., Kehinde, A. L., & Akorede, T. O. (2015). Metafrontier analysis of acces to credit and technical efficiency among smallholder cocoa farmers in Southwest Nigeria. Journal of Business Research, 8(1), 132–144. https:// doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v8n1p

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2015). Lampung Dalam Angka, 2015. Bandar Lampung: BPS Provinsi Lampung.

Basri, Z. (2009). Kajian metode perbanyakan klonal pada tanaman kakao. Media Litbang Sulteng, 2(1), 7–14.

Besseah, F. A., & Kim, S. (2014). Technical efficiency of cocoa farmers in Ghana. Journal of Rural Development, 37(2), 159–182.

Binam, J. N., Gockowski, J., & Nkamleu, G. B. (2008). Technical efficiency and productivity potential of cocoa farmers in West African Countries. Journal The Developing Economies, 46(3), 242–263. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1049.2008.00065.x

Danso-Abbeam, G., Aidoo, R., Agyemang, K. O., & Ohene-Yankyera, K. (2012). Technical efficiency in Ghana’s cocoa industry: Evidence from Bibiani-Anhwiaso-Bekwai District. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 4(10), 287–294. https://doi.org/10.5897/JDAE12.052

Dinas Perkebunan Provinsi Lampung. (2011). Laporan tahunan pelaksanaan anggaran kinerja Ditjenbun DIPA-05/tugas pembantuan (TP). Bandar Lampung.

Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan. (2015). Statistik Perkebunan Indonesia 2014-2016 Kakao (Vol. 1). Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan Indonesia.

Effendy. (2015). Aplication of side-grafting technology to increase cocoa productivity: Case study in Sigi Regency Indonesia. Journal of Applied Sciences, 15(4), 715–718. https://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2015. 715.718

Effendy, Hanani, N., Setiawan, B., & Muhaimin, A. W. (2013a). Effect characteristics of farmers on the level of technology adoption side-grafting in cocoa farming at Sigi Regency-Indonesia. Journal of Agricultural Science, 5(12), 72–77. https://doi.org/10.5539/jas. v5n12p72

Effendy, Hanani, N., Setiawan, B., & Muhaimin, A. W. (2013b). Characteristic of farmers and technical efficiency in cocoa farming at Sigi Regency-Indonesia with approach stochastic frontier production function. Journal of Economis and Sustainable Development, 4(14), 154–160.

Ermiati, Hasibuan, A. M., & Wahyudi, A. (2014). Profil dan kelayakan usaha tani kakao di Kabupaten Kolaka, Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar, 1(3), 125–132. https://doi.org/http:// dx.doi.org/10.21082/jtidp.v1n3.2014.p125-132

International Cocoa Organization. (2014). Production of cocoa beans (Vol. XL).

Khumbakar, S. C., & Lovell, C. A. K. (2000). Stochastic frontier analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Obeng, I. A., & Adu, K. O. (2010). Technical efficiency in Ghana’s cocoa production: evidence from Twifo Hemang Lower Denkyira Area. Munich Personal RePEC Archive, (22938), 0–19.

Onumah, J. A., Al-hassan, R. M., & Onumah, E. E. (2013). Productivity and technical efficiency of cocoa production in Eastern Ghana. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 4(4), 106–118.

Respati, E., Komalasari, W. B., Wahyuningsih, S., & Manurung, M. (2015). Buletin Triwulanan Ekspor Impor Komoditas Pertanian Volume VII No.1 Tahun 2015. Jakarta. Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian, Kementerian Pertanian.

Rinaldi, J. (2013). Efisiensi produksi kakao pada perkebunan rakyat di Bali: Pendekatan stochastic frontier. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Siswanto, & Karmawati, E. (2012). Pengendalian hama utama kakao (Conopomorpha cramerella dan Helopeltis spp.) dengan pestisida nabati dan agens hayati. Perspektif, 11(2), 103–112.

Tangku, F., Bakhs, R., & Tangkesalu, D. (2015). Analisis efisiensi penggunaan input produksi usaha tani kakao di Desa Kawende Kecamatan Poso Pesisir Utara Kabupaten Poso. E-Jurnal Agrotekbis, 3(2), 222–230.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jtidp.v4n1.2017.p31-40

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 

P-ISSN: 2356-1297
E-ISSN: 2528-7222
Accredited No.699/AU2/P2MI-LIPI/10/2015 on Oktober 30, 2015 by Indonesian Institute of Science

                    


Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar (JTIDP) Editorial Office :

Indonesian Industrial and Beverage Crops Research Institute
Jl. Raya Pakuwon Km. 2, Parungkuda, Sukabumi 43357 Jawa Barat Indonesia
Telp : (0266) 6542181
Fax : (0266) 6542087
Email : jtidp@litbang.pertanian.go.iduppublikasi@gmail.com
Website : http://balittri.litbang.pertanian.go.id



View My Stats