Physical and Chemical Properties Bulk Cocoa Seed in Lampung

Ratna Wylis Arief, Robet Asnawi

Abstract


Cocoa beans can be divided into two, namely precious cacoa (fine cocoa) and bulk cocoa. This study aimed to determine the physical and chemical properties of bulk cocoa beans  in Lampung. This research was conducted in June 2009 at laboratorium test of BPTP Lampung and laboratorium THP of Politeknik Negeri Lampung. Materials used for this study were 4 types of bulk cocoa such as cocoa fruit with (1) red skin color and rough skin texture; (2) red skin color and smooth skin texture; (3) green skin color and rough skin texture, and (4) green skin color and smooth skin texture. Data observer to determine its physical and chemical properties of cocoa beans such as yield, number of seeds per fruit, 100 seed dry weight, general criteria and specific criteria. The collected data were analyzed by DMRT at 5% level. The results showed that the cocoa fruit with green skin color and skin texture of coarse produced yield, number of seeds per fruit, and the highest 100 seed weight compared with other types of lindak cocoa beans and specific criteria in accordance with the SNI No. 01-2323-2002, signed in quality class  II AA. Cocoa fruit with red skin color and smooth skin texture produced higher protein and fat content than other types.

Keywords


characterization; physical properties; chemical properties; bulk cocoa

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