Adaptation of Four Promising Clones of Vanilla at Natar-Lampung Experiment Garden

Laba Udarno, Endang Hadipoentyanti

Abstract


Indonesia is one of the main vanilla producers in the world. For the position maintain that effort needed to increase compatitive advantage of production and quality. The observation results of genetic resources obtained 4 promising high yield clones of vanilla. To obtain superior variety need adaptation test for 4 promising clones. The objectivities of research to obtain the vegetative and generative characters 4 promising clones of vanilla. Adaptation test of 4 promising vanilla clones (clone 1-4) were conducted at Natar experimental garden Lampung. The research was conducted using Randomized Block Design, with 6 replications, each treatment are 20 plants. Plant spacing was 1,50 X 1,25 m. parameters observed were plant height, stem diameter, leaf length, leaf width and tickness, internode length and root holding. The generative characters obesreved were numbers of bunches per plant, number of flowers per bunches, number of fruits per bunches, bean length and diameter. The result showed that second harvest (plant age is 5.7 years old), the greater number of bunches per plant was clones 3 (6,61). The greater flower per bunches was clone 4 (21,35 flowers), while the number of bean per bunches maintained only 12. The longest of fruit was clone 1 (18,22 cm).

Keywords


Vanilla planifolia; promising clone; adaptation

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 

P-ISSN: 2356-1297
E-ISSN: 2528-7222
Accredited No.30/E/KPT/2018 on Oktober 24, 2018 by Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia

                    


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