ECONOMIC VALUE ADDED OF CASHEW PROCESSING IN INDONESIA

Dewi Listyati, Bedy Sudjarmoko

Abstract


Cashew is one of the commodities that have significance for Indonesia’s economy. Besides the country foreign exchange earner and source of income of farmers, cashew nuts contribute for land conservation. In Indonesia, cashew mostly cultivated by smallholders. The main problem is the low productivity of Indonesian cashew crop and quality of products. The development of the cashew processing industry faced with the constraint of continuity of availability of raw materials. This is because cashew harvest season is generally only four months (July-October) per year. Indonesia cashew exports still largely in the raw form, especially to India and Vietnam which is a major producer of cashew in the world market. The dominant raw form of cashew export is not benefeting farmers, processing industry and the government (central and local). The loss potential lost opportunity to obtain economic value added, the amount of Rp 1.8 to 2.9 trillion per year. Opportunity comes from the processing of cashew nuts and CNSL. This product price is stabilize, the market outlook is still very open, both domestic and international markets. Demand for exports and growing domestic market, it should be an incentive for farmers, processing industry, and government to exploit its full potential. Besides the increase farmers' income, this step will open new employment opportunities in rural as well as opportunities increase foreign exchange. This potential will only materialize if the processing performed by the industry to involve farmers as partners. 


Keywords


Anacardium occidentale L.; export; processing; value added.

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2011 Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 

P-ISSN: 2356-1297
E-ISSN: 2528-7222
Accredited No.699/AU2/P2MI-LIPI/10/2015 on Oktober 30, 2015 by Indonesian Institute of Science

                    


Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar (JTIDP) Editorial Office :

Indonesian Industrial and Beverage Crops Research Institute
Jl. Raya Pakuwon Km. 2, Parungkuda, Sukabumi 43357 Jawa Barat Indonesia
Telp : (0266) 6542181
Fax : (0266) 6542087
Email : jtidp@litbang.pertanian.go.iduppublikasi@gmail.com
Website : http://balittri.litbang.pertanian.go.id



View My Stats