IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON CASHEW PRODUCTION AND EFFORTS OF COUNTERMEASURES

Handi Supriadi, Nana Heryana

Abstract


Climate change occurs due to the increasing content of greenhouse gases (GHGs)  in the air, mostly resulting from the rapidly growing industrialization. As a result of climate change causes: (1) the earth's temperature increased, (2) extreme climate events (climatic anomalies) increased, as events Enso (El-Nino that caused drought and La-Nina causes floods), (3) a decrease and an increase air temperature extremes, (4) changes in rainfall patterns and (5) rise in sea levels and rob. The climate change was significant effect on the reducing of cashew nut production. The rain that fell throughout the year in 2010 resulted in cashew production fell drastically, as in Wonogiri, Central Java (48.75 to 50.85%) and Muna, Southeast Sulawesi (93.63%). The impacts of climate change can be reduction  through the anticipation, adaption and mitigation. Anticipation performed by conducting assessment of agricultural resources, improvement of agricultural structure and infrastructure, imfrovement of  farming system and agribusiness, and management of socio-economi and cultural.  Technologi adaptation was done through the development of varieties tolerant to climate change and  the use of water saving technologies.  While migitation technology that can be applied are: planting cashew, cashew waste utilization, land management and use of organic fertilizers.


Keywords


Anacardium occidentale L.; greenhouse gases; climate change; impact; counter measures

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 

P-ISSN: 2356-1297
E-ISSN: 2528-7222
Accredited No.699/AU2/P2MI-LIPI/10/2015 on Oktober 30, 2015 by Indonesian Institute of Science

                    


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