Factors Determining Profit of Rubber and Oil Palm Smallholders in Batanghari, Jambi

Triana Gita Dewi, Rita Nurmalina, Amzul Rifin

Abstract


scarcity causes the competition of land use for rubber and oil palm plantation. Hence, the decision of land use is based on the differences of profit. The higher profits, the higher incentive to farmers for developing a commodity. Land scarcity also leads smallholders to improve both rubber and oil palm without use more land. Hence, it is important to analyze the determinant factors of profit in these commodities. Hence, the specific objectives were to identify factors determining rubber and oil palm smallholders profit in Batanghari, Jambi and to compare the profit generated by rubber and oil palm smallholder. Survey method was conducted from October to December 2012 through direct observation and interview techniques. Analysis method used in this research is ordinary least square (OLS) where this method is developed in two regression models and descriptive analysis. The results show that in rubber plantation, factors determining profit are land size, tree age, number of productive tree, district, farmer age, herbicide, and labor, while in oil palm plantation, factors influencing profit are tree age, number of productive tree, district, NPK, and herbicide. Based on average profit generated in planted period, oil palm plantations is more profitable than rubber plantation, they are Rp. 9.387.561,00 and Rp. 8.763.116,00 per ha per year, respectively.

 


Keywords


Rubber; oil palm; ordinary least square; profit

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jtidp.v4n3.2013.p265-272

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 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 

P-ISSN: 2356-1297
E-ISSN: 2528-7222
Accredited No.30/E/KPT/2018 on Oktober 24, 2018 by Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia

                    


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