Analisis Faktor Penentu Adopsi Benih Unggul Karet

Bedy Sudjarmoko, Dewi Listyati, Abdul Muis Hasibuan

Abstract


Adopsi benih unggul karet untuk perluasan dan peremajaan tanaman pada perkebunan rakyat masih sangat rendah. Padahal benih unggul menjadi salah satu faktor penting dalam peningkatan produktivitas dan kualitas produk, serta dalam efisiensi produksi. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi adopsi benih unggul karet, khususnya pada perkebunan rakyat dalam rangka mendukung kebijakan pengembangan karet nasional. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Sarolangko, Jambi pada Januari-Desember 2012. Data yang digunakan adalah data primer dan sekunder. Analisis data menggunakan model persamaan struktural/Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa adopsi benih unggul karet dipengaruhi secara langsung oleh harapan petani (Product Performance Expectancy/PPE), Social and Technical Influence (STI), dan harga benih unggul karet. Untuk meningkatkan adopsi benih unggul oleh petani karet, diperlukan pengembangan atribut-atribut benih unggul, terutama umur panen dan kualitas benih. Percepatan proses adopsi benih unggul karet juga dapat dilakukan melalui kegiatan diseminasi teknologi, penyebaran buku-buku panduan, petunjuk teknis, petunjuk pelaksanaan, leaflet dan poster, serta teknik advokasi melalui kelompok tani.


Kata Kunci: Karet, benih unggul, adopsi, SEM

The adoption of rubber superior seeds by farmers for replanting and new planting is still very low. Whereas, the superior seeds to be one important factor in increasing the productivity and quality of products, as well as in production efficiency. The objective of study was to determine factors affecting the adoption of rubber superior seeds, especially to support national policy in developing of smallholder rubber development. The study was conducted in Sarolangko District, Jambi on January-December 2012. The primary and secondary data was used in this study, and then analyzed with Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results showed that the adoption of rubber superior seeds was directly affected by expectations farmers (Product Performance Expectancy/PPE), Social and Technical Influence/STI, and price of rubber superior seeds. To increase the adoption of rubber superior seeds it need the development of their attributes, especially in harvest old and quality of seeds. Also, to accelerate the adoption of rubber superior seeds can be done by the extentions in using of rubber superior seeds, and by dissemination of technologies through the handbooks, guidelines/technical manual/leaflet/poster/brochure, as well as the advocacy technic through the farmer groups.


Keywords


Rubber; superior seeds; adoption; SEM

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jtidp.v4n2.2013.p117-128

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 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 

P-ISSN: 2356-1297
E-ISSN: 2528-7222
Accredited No.30/E/KPT/2018 on Oktober 24, 2018 by Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia

                    


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