Identifikasi Karakter yang Berpengaruh terhadap Hasil Biji Beras Kopi Arabika di Kabupaten Garut Menggunakan Analisis Lintasan Bertahap

Enny Randriani, Dani Dani, Indah Sulistiyorini, Edi Wardiana

Abstract


Keterkaitan antara karakter vegetatif, komponen buah, komponen biji, dan hasil biji beras pada tanaman kopi merupakan hal penting dalam program pemuliaan dan seleksi. Model saling keterkaitan antar karakter tersebut adalah model sebab-akibat dan dapat dianalisis melalui analisis lintasan bertahap (ALB). Penelitian bertujuan mengidentifikasi karakter-karakter yang berpengaruh terhadap hasil biji beras kopi Arabika di daerah Garut, Jawa Barat melalui penggunaan analisis lintasan bertahap (ALB) dan model persamaan struktural (MPS). Penelitian dilaksanakan di Desa Marga Mulya, Kecamatan Cikajang, Kabupaten Garut, Jawa Barat, bulan Januari sampai Desember 2013 pada ketinggian tempat 1.300 m di atas permukaan laut dengan jenis tanah Andosol. Penelitian menggunakan metode survei dengan pengambilan contoh secara acak terhadap lima genotipe kopi Arabika, yaitu ABP-1, ABP-2, ABP-3, AGK-1, dan S 795. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat tiga karakter yang berpengaruh positif secara langsung, yaitu jumlah ruas pada batang, tebal buah, dan bobot 100 biji gabah. Karakter panjang cabang primer berpengaruh positif secara tidak langsung, sedangkan karakter jumlah cabang sekunder dan jumlah ruas cabang primer berpengaruh negatif secara tidak langsung. Karakter-karakter tersebut dapat digunakan sebagai kriteria seleksi pada populasi kopi Arabika di daerah Garut, Jawa Barat.

Kata kunci: Kopi Arabika, seleksi karakter, analisis lintasan bertahap, model persamaan struktural

The linkage between the vegetative characters, fruit components, production seeds component and rice seeds of the coffee plant is important in breeding and selection programs. Models of interrelations between these characters are causal models and can be analyzed through sequential path analysis (SPA). The objective of this study was to identify of several characters affecting on green bean yield of Arabica coffee in Garut, West Java by using sequential path analysis (SPA) and structural equation modeling (SEM). This research was conducted in the Marga Mulya Village, Cikajang District, Garut Regency, West Java, with altitude about 1300 m above sea level and Andosol type of soil, starting from January to December 2013. The research was conducted in survey method with random sampling method on the Arabica coffee genotypes such as ABP-1, ABP-2, ABP-3, AGK-1, and S795. The results showed that there are three characters having directly positive effect on green bean yield: number of internodes on stem, fruits thickness, and weight of 100 beans. On the other hand, length of primary branches has indirectly positive influence, while number of secondary branches and number of internodes on primary branches has indirectly negative influence. These characters can be used as selection criteria on the population of Arabica coffee in Garut, West Java.

 


Keywords


Arabica coffee; character selection; sequential path analysis; structural equation models

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jtidp.v1n3.2014.p175-184

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 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 

P-ISSN: 2356-1297
E-ISSN: 2528-7222
Accredited No.30/E/KPT/2018 on Oktober 24, 2018 by Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia

                    


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