Profile and Feasibility of Cocoa Farming System in Kolaka, Southeast Sulawesi

Ermiati Ermiati, Abdul Muis Hasibuan, Agus Wahyudi

Abstract


Limitation of land tenure and productivity in farmers’ level causing lower farmers income. Kolaka District is one of cocoa main producers in Southeast Sulawesi with a large number of farmers. The objective of this study was to investigate the profile and feasibility of cocoa farming system in farmers level. The research was conducted at Atula and Dangia Village, Ladongi Subdistrict, Kolaka Regency, Southeast Sulawesi, in April to July 2012. Data was collected by survey method and direct interview with 30 farmers.  Data was analyzed descriptively and feasibility analysis method with criteria of benefit cost ratio (B/C ratio), net present value (NPV), and internal rate of return (IRR). The result showed that cocoa farming system is feasible (NPV of IDR19,646,384.00; B/C ratio of 2,87 and IRR of 51%). Farmers income was of IDR7,697,674.00 per year (IDR641,743.00 per month). If the yield is constant (773 kg/ha), then price break even point (BEP) is IDR8,043.00/kg. If the price is constant (IDR18,000.00/kg), then BEP of yield is 345,5 kg/ha/year. This result showed that cocoa farming gives a relatively low level of income for farmers, eventhough it is feasible. Based on those analysis, minimum area of 2 ha per households or productivity of 1.5 ton/ha/yr required to meet income decent life.


Keywords


Farming system profile; farmer's income; farming system feasibility; cocoa

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abidin, Z. (2000). Kebijakan pembangunan pertanian di Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Prosiding Seminar Sehari Lustrum I BPTP Kendari.

Adnyana, O.M. (1989). Analisa ekonomi dalam penelitian sistem usahatani: Latihan metodologi penelitian sistem usahatani (p. 12). Jakarta: Badan Litbang Pertanian.

Alane, A.D., & Manyong, V. M. (2007). The effects of education on agricultural productivity under traditional and improved technology in northern Nigeria: an endogenous switching regression analysis. Empirical Economics, 32(1), 141–159. doi:10.1007/s00181-006-0076-3.

Aneani, F., Anchirinah, V. M., Owusu-Ansah, F., & Asamoah, M. (2012). Adoption of some cocoa production technologies by cocoa farmers in Ghana. Sustainable Agriculture Research, 1(1), 103–117. doi: 10.5539/sar.v1n1p103.

Arsyad, M., & Kawamura, Y. (2011). Reducing poverty of cocoa smallholders in Indonesia: Is agricultural economic activity still the pioneer?. Economics and Finance in Indonesia, 58(2), 217–238.

Arsyad, M., Nuddin, A., & Yusuf, S. (2013). Strengthening institutional towards smallholders welfare: Evidence from existing condition of cocoa smallholders in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Ryukoku Journal of Economic Studies, 52(1), 71–86.

Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan. (2012). Statistik perkebunan 2010–2012: Kakao. Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan, Kementerian Pertanian.

Effendy, Hanani, N., Setiawan, B., & Muhaimin, A.W. (2013). Characteristics of farmers and technical efficiency in cocoa farming at Sigi Regency-Indonesia with approach stochastic frontier production function. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 4(14), 154–160.

Fahmid, I.M. (2013). Cocoa farmers performance at highland area in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, 3(6), 360–370.

Gille, V. (2011). Education spillovers in farm productivity: Empirical evidence in rural India. Indian Growth and Development Review, 5(1), 4–24. doi: 10.1108/17538251 211224114.

Habib, M., Zafarullah, M., Iqbal, M., Nawab, K., & Ali, S. (2007). Effect of farmer field schools on sugar cane productivity in Malakand Agency. Sarhad J. Agric, 23(4), 1133–1137.

Herman, Hutagaol, M.P., Sutjahjo, S.H., Rauf, A., & Priyarsono, D.S. (2006). Analisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi adopsi teknologi pengendalian hama penggerek buah kakao: Studi kasus di Sulawesi Barat. Pelita Perkebunan, 22(3), 222–236.

Hidayanto, M., Supiandi, S., Yahya, S., & Amien, L.I. (2009). Analisis keberlanjutan perkebunan kakao rakyat di kawasan perbatasan Pulau Sebatik, Kabupaten Nunukan, Provinsi Kalimantan Timur. Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 27(2), 213–229.

Kadariah, L.K., & Gray. (1988). Pengantar evaluasi proyek. Analisa ekonomis Edisi Kedua (p. 122). Jakarta: LPFE-UI.

Karmawati, E., Mahmud, Z., Syakir, M, Munarso, S.J., Ardana, K., & Rubiyo. (2010). Budidaya dan Pasca Panen Kakao (p. 92). Bogor: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan.

Kementerian Pertanian. (2012). Perencanaan tenaga kerja sektor pertanian 2012–2014. Jakarta: Kementerian Pertanian.

Nurasa, T., & Muslim, C. (2005). Perkembangan kakao Indonesia dan dampak penerapan kebijakan eskalasi tarif dipasaran dunia: Kasus Kabupaten Kolaka, Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. SOCA, 2(3).

Rehman, F., Muhammad, S., Ashraf, I., Mahmood Ch, K., Ruby, T., & Bibi, I. (2013). Effect of farmers’ socioeconomic characteristics on access to agricultural information: Empirical evidence from Pakistan. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 23(1), 324–329.

Rubiyo, & Siswanto. (2012). Peningkatan produksi dan pengembangan kakao (Theobroma cacao L.) di Indonesia. Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah dan Aneka Tanaman Industri, 3(1), 33–48.

Sahara, D., Dahya, & Syam, A. (2006). Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkat keuntungan usahatani kakao di Sulawesi Tenggara. Retrieved from http://download.portalgaruda. org/article.php?article=13000&val=926.

Sisfahyuni, Saleh, M.S, & Yantu, M.R. (2011). Kelembagaan pemasaran kakao biji di tingkat petani Kabupaten Parigi Moutong Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 29(2), 191–216.

Siswanto, & Karmawati, E. (2012). Pengendalian hama utama kakao (Conopomorpha cramerella dan Helopeltis spp.) dengan pestisida nabati dan agens hayati. Perspektif, 11(2), 103–112.

Syamsinar, Mappangaja, R., Rukmana, D., Nursini, & Amal. (2014). Reinvestment acceptance behavior of cocoa farming (Case study of cocoa farmer in Luwu Regency). International Journal Of Scientific & Technology Research, 3(5), 339–343.

Uematsu, H., & Mishra, A.K. (2010). Can education be a barrier to technology adoption?. Paper presented at the Agricultural & Applied Economics Association 2010 AAEA, CAES, & WAEA Joint Annual Meeting, Denver, Colorado.

Wahyudi, T., & Misnawi. (2007). Fasilitasi perbaikan mutu dan produktivitas kakao Indonesia. Warta Pusat Penelitian Kopi dan Kakao Indonesia, 23(1), 32–43.

Yantu, M.R., Juanda, B., Siregar, H., Gonarsyah, I., & Hadi, S. (2010). Integrasi pasar kakao biji perdesaan Sulawesi Tengah dengan pasar dunia. Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 28(2), 201–225.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jtidp.v1n3.2014.p125-132

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2014 Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 

P-ISSN: 2356-1297
E-ISSN: 2528-7222
Accredited No.30/E/KPT/2018 on Oktober 24, 2018 by Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia

                    


Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar (JTIDP) Editorial Office :

Indonesian Industrial and Beverage Crops Research Institute
Jl. Raya Pakuwon Km. 2, Parungkuda, Sukabumi 43357 Jawa Barat Indonesia
Telp : (0266) 6542181
Fax : (0266) 6542087
Email : jtidp@litbang.pertanian.go.iduppublikasi@gmail.com
Website : http://balittri.litbang.pertanian.go.id



View My Stats