Analisis Keunggulan Komparatif dan Kompetitif Usahatani Pala ( Studi Kasus: Kabupaten Bogor dan Sukabumi )

Abdul Muis Hasibuan, Bedy Sudjarmoko, Dewi Listyati

Abstract


Indonesia merupakan produsen dan eksportir pala terbesar dunia. Adanya persaingan yang semakin tinggi di pasar internasional akibat penerapan perdagangan bebas mengharuskan pala sebagai salah satu komoditas ekspor memiliki kemampuan bersaing. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui keunggulan komparatif dan kompetitif usahatani pala Indonesia khususnya di Kabupaten Bogor dan Sukabumi sebagai salah satu sentra pala. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis kelayakan finansial dan ekonomi serta Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM). Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa usahatani pala di Kabupaten Bogor dan Sukabumi memiliki kelayakan untuk diusahakan serta memiliki keunggulan komparatif dan kompetitif termasuk jika terjadi peningkatan harga input dan penurunan harga output sebesar 10%. Namun usahatani pala di Kabupaten Bogor memiliki tingkat kelayakan, keunggulan komparatif dan keunggulan kompetitif yang lebih baik dibanding dengan Sukabumi. Intervensi pemerintah terhadap pasar input dan output belum memberikan keuntungan bagi petani.

 

Comparative And Competitive Advantage Analysis of Nutmeg Farming System (Case Study: Bogor And Sukabumi District)

ABSTRACT

Indonesia is the largest producer and exporter of nutmeg in the world. The higher competition in the international market due to the implementation of free trade agreement requires nutmeg as one export commodity has the ability to compete. This study aims to determine the comparative and competitive advantages of nutmeg farming system in Indonesia, especially in Bogor and Sukabumi District as one of the centers of nutmeg. The method of analysis used is the Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM). The analysis shows that farming nutmeg in Bogor and Sukabumi viable to cultivate and has comparative and competitive advantages, including in increasing of input prices and decreasing of output prices by 10 percent. However, nutmeg farming in Bogor has a high feasibility, comparative advantage and competitive advantage better than Sukabumi. Government intervention in input and output markets has not provided benefits to farmers.


Keywords


Nutmeg; competitiveness; feasibility; comparative dan competitive advantage

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jtidp.v3n3.2012.p223-230

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 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 

P-ISSN: 2356-1297
E-ISSN: 2528-7222
Accredited No.30/E/KPT/2018 on Oktober 24, 2018 by Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia

                    


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