Institutional Support and Role in Increasing The Interdependence of Cocoa Farmers in Central Sulawesi Province

Andri Amaliel Managanta, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Dwi Sadono, Prabowo Tjitropranoto

Abstract


Indonesia is the third largest cocoa producer in the world after Ivory Coast and Ghana. Central Sulawesi is a center of Indonesian cocoa commodity, yet has low improvement. This is presumably due to the lack of support of farmer institutions that were formed not based on farmers' needs or the interests of farmers. The objectives of this study were to: (1) analyze the level of institutional support for cocoa farmers in Central Sulawesi Province, and (2) analyze the role and strategy of increasing institutional support for cocoa farmers in Central Sulawesi Province. The study was conducted in four districts in Central Sulawesi Province: Poso, Sigi, Morowali Utara and Donggala Regencies. The research sample was 380 farmers. To describe the research variables used descriptive statistical analysis in the frequency table and Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The results showed that most farmers (70.2%98.7%) assessed that institutional support in the contexts of marketing, capital, processing, and technical guidance were relatively low so it tended to be less conducive to increasing farmers' independence. The institutional role of those four contexts was also low categoryzed (26.643.0) so that it needs serious attention in an effort to increase the weak independence of farmers.

Keywords


Cocoa; farmer; institution; role; support

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


Anantanyu, S., Slamet, M., & Tjitropranoto, P. (2009). Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi efektivitas kelembagaan petani ( Kasus di Provinsi Jawa Tengah). Jurnal Penyuluhan, 5(1), 81–91.

Biénabe, E., & Sautier, D. (2004). The role of small scale producers’ organizations to address market access. In Crop Post Harvest Programme and Practical Action (pp. 1–16).

Bitzer, V., & Bijman, J. (2014). Old oranges in new boxes? Strategic partnerships between emerging farmers and agribusinesses in South Africa. Journal Global Networks, 40(1), 167–183.

Bitzer, V., Glasbergen, P., & Leroy, P. (2013). Bitzier - emergence of networks of parterships in the cocoa sector. Journal Global Networks, 12(3), 355–374.

Bolwig, S., Ponte, S., du Toit, A., Riisgaard, L., & Halberg, N. (2010). Integrating poverty and environmental concerns into value-chain analysis: A conceptual framework. Development Policy Review, 28(2), 173–194. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7679.2010.00480.x

Cahyono, B., & Adhiatma, A. (2012). Peran modal sosial dalam peningkatan kesejahteraan masyarakat petani tembakau di Kabupaten Wonosobo. Conference In Business, Accounting, And Management (CBAM), 1(1), 131–144.

Choudhary, D., Kala, S., Todaria, N., Dasgupta, S., & Kollmair, M. (2013). Marketing of bay leaf in Nepal and Northern India: Lessons for improving terms of participation of small farmers in markets. Small-Scale Forestry, 12(2), 289–305. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11842-012-9212-4

Deressa, T. T., Hassan, R. M., Ringler, C., Alemu, T., & Yesuf, M. (2009). Determinants of farmers’ choice of adaptation methods to climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia. Global Environmental Change, 19(2), 248–255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2009.01.002

Indraningsih, K. S. (2017). Pengaruh penyuluhan terhadap keputusan petani dalam adopsi inovasi teknologi usaha tani terpadu. Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 29(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.21082/jae.v29n1.2011.1-24

Listyati, D., Wahyudi, A., & Hasibuan, A. M. (2016). Penguatan kelembagaan untuk peningkatan posisi tawar petani dalam sistem pemasaran kakao. Jurnal Tanaman Industri Dan Penyegar, 1(1), 15. https://doi.org/10.21082/jtidp.v1n1.2014.p15-28

Managanta, A. A., Sumardjo, Sadono, D., & Tjitropranoto, P. (2018). Influencing factors the interdependence of cocoa farmers in Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. International Journal of Progressive Sciences and Technologies (IJPSAT), 8(1), 106–113.

Mosher, A. T. (1981). Menggerakkan dan membangun pertanian. Jakarta: Yasaguna.

Pandey, D., Kumar, A., & Singh, R. (2011). Marketing of sweet orange (Malta) in Kumaon region of Uttarakhand. Journal of Recent Advances in Applied Sciences, 26, 6–11.

Scharmer, G. B., & Henriques, V. M. J. (2011). SST/CRISP Observations of convective flows in a sunspot penumbra. Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Dan Agribisnis (SEPA), 7(2), 102–109. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201118026

Shahbaz, B., Ali, T., Khan, I. A., & Ahmad, M. (2010). An analysis of the problems faced by farmers in the mountains of northwest Pakistan: Challenges for agri extension. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Science, 47(4), 417–420.

Shiferaw, B., Obare, G., & Muricho, G. (2008). Rural market imperfections and the role of institutions in collective action to improve markets for the poor. Natural Resources Forum, 32(1), 25–38. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-8947.2008.00167.x

Shiferaw, B., Obare, G., Muricho, G., & Silim, S. (2009). Leveraging institutions for collective action to improve markets for smallholder producers in less-favored areas. Afjare, 3(1), 1–18.

Sumardjo. (2016). Orientasi penyuluhan pembangunan: mencerdaskan masyarakat mewujudkan kesejahteraannya secara pastisipatif berkeadilan. In PAPPI (Ed.), Simposium Nasional Penyuluhan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan dan Konggres II PAPPI. Bogor (pp. 1–15). Bogor.

Sumarjo. (1999). Transformasi penyuluhan pertanian menuju pengembangan kemandirian petani. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Tiwari, K. R., Nyborg, I. L. P., Sitaula, B. K., & Paudel, G. S. (2008). Analysis of the sustainability of upland farming systems in the Middle Mountains region of Nepal. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 6(4), 289–306. https://doi.org/10.3763/ijas.2008.0390

Yantu, M. R., Juanda, B., Siregar, H., & Gonarsyah, I. (2010). Integrasi pasar kakao biji perdesaan Sulawesi Tengah dengan pasar dunia (Integration of cocoa bean at the rural markets in Central Sulawesi Province with the world market). Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 28(2), 201–225.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/jtidp.v6n2.2019.p51-60

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 

P-ISSN: 2356-1297
E-ISSN: 2528-7222
Accredited No.30/E/KPT/2018 on Oktober 24, 2018 by Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia

                    


Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar (JTIDP) Editorial Office :

Indonesian Industrial and Beverage Crops Research Institute
Jl. Raya Pakuwon Km. 2, Parungkuda, Sukabumi 43357 Jawa Barat Indonesia
Telp : (0266) 6542181
Fax : (0266) 6542087
Email : jtidp@litbang.pertanian.go.iduppublikasi@gmail.com
Website : http://balittri.litbang.pertanian.go.id



View My Stats