Analisis Input-Output Produksi Tebu di Provinsi Jawa Timur

Duwi Yunitasari, Teguh Hadi Priyono

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Tebu sebagai bahan baku industri gula merupakan salah satu komoditi perkebunan yang mempunyai peran strategis dalam perekonomian di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kontribusi keterkaitan ke depan dan ke belakang komoditas tebu terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi di Jawa Timur, dan kontribusi dampak pengganda (multiplier effect) yang ditimbulkanya terhadap multiplier output dan pendapatan di Jawa Timur. Metode yang digunakan adalah perhitungan Tabel Input-Output dari data Badan Statistik Nasional tahun 2015. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa budi daya tebu sebagai input antara untuk industri gula yang bersifat hilir, keterkaitannya sangat tinggi. Keberadaan sektor tebu kurang kuat pengaruhnya dalam meningkatkan output pada sektor tebu dan sektor-sektor ekonomi secara keseluruhan.  Pengganda pendapatan usaha tani tebu adalah tipe I dan tipe II yang bermakna bahwa sektor tebu cukup besar dalam meningkatkan pendapatan dari usaha tani tebu dan sektor-sektor ekonomi secara keseluruhan.

 

 

 

ABSTRACT

Input-Output Analysis of Sugarcane Production in East Java

Sugar cane as a raw material for the sugar industry has a strategic role in the economy in Indonesia. This study aims to analyze the contribution of forward and backward linkages of sugarcane to economic growth in East Java, and the contribution of the multiplier effect on the multiplier output and income in East Java. The method used was the calculation of the Input-Output Table from the 2015 National Statistics Agency data. The results showed that sugarcane cultivation as an intermediate input for the downstream sugar industry, had a  very high relationship. The existence of the sugarcane sector was less powerful in increasing the output of the sugarcane sector and overall economic sectors. However, the income multipliers of sugarcane farming are type I and type II, which means that the sugarcane sector is quite large in increasing the income from sugarcane farming and the overall economic sectors.

 

 


Keywords


Kata kunci: Tebu, Industri gula, tabel I-O, Jawa Timur; Keywords: Sugarcane, Sugar Industry, I-O Table, East Java

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/btsm.v13n1.2021.36-47

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